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ASP.NET Core 1.0 部署 HTTPS (.NET Core 1.0)

作者:石家庄绿之洲商贸有限公司 来源:www.365tt315.com 未知发布时间:2017-09-02 11:46:10
ASP.NET Core 1.0 部署 HTTPS (.NET Core 1.0)

这两个月要做一个项目,正逢ASP.Net Core 1.0版本的正式发布。由于现代互联网的安全要求,HTTPS加密通讯已成主流,所以就有了这个方案。

本方案启发于一个旧版的解决方案:

ASP.NET Core 1.0 部署 HTTPS (.NET Framework 4.5.1)

aspnetcore-using-https-on-dnx451.html?utm_source=tuicool&utm_medium=referral

在反复搜索官方文档并反复尝试以后得出以下解决方案

在 project.json 中,添加引用 Microsoft.AspNetCore.Server.Kestrel.Https

1 { 2 "dependencies": { 3 //跨平台引用 4 //"Microsoft.NETCore.App": { 5 // "version": "1.0.0", 6 // "type": "platform" 7 //}, 8 "Microsoft.AspNetCore.Diagnostics": "1.0.0", 9 "Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc": "1.0.0", 10 "Microsoft.AspNetCore.Razor.Tools": { 11 "version": "1.0.0-preview2-final", 12 "type": "build" 13 }, 14 "Microsoft.AspNetCore.Server.IISIntegration": "1.0.0", 15 "Microsoft.AspNetCore.Server.Kestrel": "1.0.0", 16 "Microsoft.AspNetCore.Server.Kestrel.Https": "1.0.0", 17 "Microsoft.AspNetCore.StaticFiles": "1.0.0", 18 "Microsoft.Extensions.Configuration.EnvironmentVariables": "1.0.0", 19 "Microsoft.Extensions.Configuration.Json": "1.0.0", 20 "Microsoft.Extensions.Logging": "1.0.0", 21 "Microsoft.Extensions.Logging.Console": "1.0.0", 22 "Microsoft.Extensions.Logging.Debug": "1.0.0", 23 "Microsoft.Extensions.Options.ConfigurationExtensions": "1.0.0", 24 "Microsoft.VisualStudio.Web.BrowserLink.Loader": "14.0.0" 25 }, 26 27 "tools": { 28 "BundlerMinifier.Core": "2.0.238", 29 "Microsoft.AspNetCore.Razor.Tools": "1.0.0-preview2-final", 30 "Microsoft.AspNetCore.Server.IISIntegration.Tools": "1.0.0-preview2-final" 31 }, 32 33 "frameworks": { 34 //跨平台引用 35 //"netcoreapp1.0": { 36 // "imports": [ 37 // "dotnet5.6", 38 // "portable-net45+win8" 39 // ] 40 //} 41 //Windows平台通用化引用 42 "net452": {} 43 }, 44 45 "buildOptions": { 46 "emitEntryPoint": true, 47 "preserveCompilationContext": true 48 }, 49 50 "runtimeOptions": { 51 "configProperties": { 52 "System.GC.Server": true 53 } 54 }, 55 56 "publishOptions": { 57 "include": [ 58 "wwwroot", 59 "Views", 60 "Areas/**/Views", 61 "appsettings.json", 62 "web.config" 63 ], 64 "exclude": [ 65 "wwwroot/lib" 66 ] 67 }, 68 69 "scripts": { 70 "prepublish": [ "bower install", "dotnet bundle" ], 71 "postpublish": [ "dotnet publish-iis --publish-folder %publish:OutputPath% --framework %publish:FullTargetFramework%" ] 72 } 73 } project.json

在Program.cs中,增加HTTPS访问端口绑定

1 using System; 2 using System.Collections.Generic; 3 using System.IO; 4 using System.Linq; 5 using System.Threading.Tasks; 6 using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Hosting; 7 8 namespace Demo 9 { 10 public class Program 11 { 12 public static void Main(string[] args) 13 { 14 15 var host = new WebHostBuilder() 16 .UseKestrel() 17 .UseUrls("*", "https://*") 18 .UseContentRoot(Directory.GetCurrentDirectory()) 19 .UseIISIntegration() 20 .UseStartup() 21 .Build(); 22 23 host.Run(); 24 } 25 } 26 } Program.cs

在 Startup.cs 文件中,启用HTTPS访问并配置证书路径及密码

1 using System; 2 using System.Collections.Generic; 3 using System.Linq; 4 using System.Threading.Tasks; 5 using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Builder; 6 using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Hosting; 7 using Microsoft.Extensions.Configuration; 8 using Microsoft.Extensions.DependencyInjection; 9 using Microsoft.Extensions.Logging; 10 using System.IO; 11 using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Http; 12 13 namespace Demo 14 { 15 public class Startup 16 { 17 public Startup(IHostingEnvironment env) 18 { 19 var builder = new ConfigurationBuilder() 20 .SetBasePath(env.ContentRootPath) 21 .AddJsonFile("appsettings.json", optional: true, reloadOnChange: true) 22 .AddJsonFile($"appsettings.{env.EnvironmentName}.json", optional: true) 23 .AddEnvironmentVariables(); 24 Configuration = builder.Build(); 25 } 26 27 public IConfigurationRoot Configuration { get; } 28 29 // This method gets called by the runtime. Use this method to add services to the container. 30 public void ConfigureServices(IServiceCollection services) 31 { 32 33 // Add framework services. 34 services.AddMvc(); 35 36 services.Configure(option => { 37 option.UseHttps(Path.Combine(new DirectoryInfo(Directory.GetCurrentDirectory()).FullName, "cret.pfx"), "pw"); 38 }); 39 40 41 42 } 43 44 // This method gets called by the runtime. Use this method to configure the HTTP request pipeline. 45 public void Configure(IApplicationBuilder app, IHostingEnvironment env, ILoggerFactory loggerFactory) 46 { 47 loggerFactory.AddConsole(Configuration.GetSection("Logging")); 48 loggerFactory.AddDebug(); 49 50 if (env.IsDevelopment()) 51 { 52 app.UseDeveloperExceptionPage(); 53 app.UseBrowserLink(); 54 } 55 else 56 { 57 app.UseExceptionHandler("/Home/Error"); 58 } 59 60 61 app.UseStaticFiles(); 62 63 app.UseMvc(routes => 64 { 65 routes.MapRoute( 66 name: "default", 67 template: "{controller=App}/{action=Index}/{id?}"); 68 }); 69 70 //https://docs.asp.net/en/latest/security/cors.html?highlight=https 71 app.UseCors(builder =>builder.WithOrigins("https://*").AllowAnyHeader()); 72 73 app.Run(run => 74 { 75 return run.Response.WriteAsync("Test"); 76 }); 77 78 } 79 } 80 }

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